Alnur Ilyashev is a human rights activist serving a three-year sentence for a series of Facebook posts he wrote regarding the government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Prior to his arrest, Ilyashev was a vocal advocate for democratization, pluralism, and civic participation. In 2019, he brought public awareness to Kazakhstan’s overly restrictive law on peaceful assemblies after his request for a permit was rejected 35 times. The same year, Ilyashev joined two other activists in preparing to establish an independent political party. However, their efforts were obstructed by legal action from the ruling Nur Otan Party.
Ilyashev increasingly used social media to amplify his activism during the COVID-19 pandemic, including participating in Facebook Live events and publishing a YouTube video calling on former president Nursultan Nazarbayev to his substantial wealth to fund efforts to mitigate the pandemic.
In March 2020, Ilyashev posted a series of messages on his private Facebook page that were critical commentaries on new articles involving the government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the prosecution of a local Nur Otan Party chairman.
The following month, on April 17, 2020, Ilyashev was arrested on charges of disseminating false information that threatened public order under Article 274 of the Kazakh Criminal Code. He was kept in pre-trial detention facilities until June 22, 2020, when he was remanded to house arrest. During his time in detention, there is evidence that Ilyashev contracted COVID-19.
The trial against Ilyashev began on June 12, 2020 and consisted of six hearings over the course of ten days. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, the trial was held remotely through video-conferencing software. This aspect of the proceedings compounded the already numerous due process violations. Ilyashev and his counsel were either unable, or limited in their ability, to participate in the trial as they were frequently disconnected from audio and video feeds due to technological issues. At one point on June 15, Ilyashev even lamented that “I am the main person involved and I cannot hear anything.” Moreover, Ilyashev and his lawyer were not allowed to have confidential discussions during the proceedings. If they wished to have a discussion regarding legal strategy, they were required to do so as part of the main video feed in front of the judge and prosecutors.
On June 22, 2020, the court found Ilyashev guilty and sentenced him to three years of house arrest, 300 hours of forced labor, and a ban on political and civic activism for five years. He was released from house arrest on April 17, 2023, but remains under the restrictions on his activism.
On February 12, 2021, Freedom Now and McKool Smith filed a petition with the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on behalf of Ilyashev. In March 2022, the Working Group determined Ilyashev’s detention to be a violation of international law.
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