Washington, D.C. – On September 21, 2018, Freedom Now and Dechert LLP filed a petition with the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on behalf of former presidential candidate Diane Rwigara and her mother, Adeline Rwigara. Freedom Now and Dechert LLP argue that the Government of Rwanda’s continued detention of the Rwigaras is in violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and urge the UN Working Group to take immediate action.
“Diane and Adeline Rwigara have already spent a year in pre-trial detention on politically-motivated charges clearly intended to silence the Rwigaras’ criticism of the government,” said Freedom Now Legal Director Kate Barth. “The government’s continued detention of the Rwigaras violates their fundamental human rights including their rights to freedom of expression. Freedom Now calls on the Rwandan government to immediately and unconditionally release Diane and Adeline; we are confident that the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention will come to the same conclusion.”
In May 2017, Diane Rwigara announced that she would run in the upcoming presidential election against President Kagame. Within 72 hours of this announcement alleged nude photos of Diane were posted on social media. The National Electoral Commission subsequently barred Diane from participating in the election, ruling that hundreds of signatures she submitted to validate her candidacy were forged. Within this same time period, the Rwandan Revenue Authority notified the Rwigara family that they owed $6.7 million in taxes. As a result, the government closed the family business and froze their bank accounts.
After her failed presidential bid, Diane started the People’s Salvation Movement to challenge the regime’s human rights record. In particular, she spoke out about suspicious murders of government critics.
On August 29, 2017, the Rwigaras and Diane’s sister Anne were detained and interrogated by the police; the Rwigaras were reported missing until September 4, when the government officially arrested Diane, Adeline, and Anne on a variety of tax and forgery offenses. Diane was also charged with using false documents during her presidential candidacy. The police claimed that the arrest was conducted because the women failed to respond to three separate summonses.
The women were released from custody on September 5, but re-arrested on September 22, under new charges. Adeline was charged with inciting insurrection and sectarian practices, while Diane herself was charged with forgery, sectarian practices, and inciting insurrection.
Pre-trial hearings began on October 6, 2017 before the Nyarugenge Intermediate Court in Kigali. Some of the evidence presented against Diane are non-violent statements she made criticizing the government’s human rights record. Since the Rwigaras has been in prison there have been allegations of torture, denial of medical care, and prevention of family visits. On October 23, 2017, Anne, who is a U.S. citizen, was released.