Mohammed Shaikh Ould Mohammed Ould MkhaitirMauritania

Mohammed Shaikh Ould Mohammed Ould Mkhaitir is a blogger who faced a death sentence on charges of apostasy.

In late December 2013, Mkhaitir published a blog post which provided a social critique and commentary on the nexus between religion, racism, and discrimination. Prior to his arrest, Mkhaitir worked as an engineer for a mining company in northern Mauritania. He had not been a prominent critic of the government and the blog post appears to be his first published article.

On January 2, 2014, Mkhaitir was arrested and charged with apostasy under Article 306 of the Penal Code. After close to a full year in prison, Mkhaitir’s trial was finally held on December 23, 2014. The trial lasted two days and, Mkhaitir apologized and explained that he never meant to insult the prophet. On December 24, 2014, Mkhaitir was sentenced to death by firing squad.

The two day trial included several procedural irregularities. The court prohibited any discussion of the actual contents of the blog post and ignored a letter written by Mkhaitir shortly after his arrest which stated that he had not intended either intentionally or unintentionally to insult Islam. Instead, the court allowed the prosecution to focus on Facebook posts Mkhaitir made in 2010. Death threats were so prevalent during the time leading up to the trial that three of Mkhaitir’s lawyers resigned.

The Supreme Court was initially scheduled to deliver a final ruling in Mkhaitir’s case on November 15, 2016. However, when hundreds of protestors surrounded the court that day to demand Mkhaitir’s execution, the verdict was postponed and Mkhaitir’s lawyer was escorted by police to ensure her safety.

In January 2017, after another delay, the Supreme Court sent the case back to the Court of Appeals, the same court which upheld Mkhaitir’s death sentence.

Mkhaitir’s initial sentence was condemned by the European Union, Amnesty International, Committee to Protect Journalists, Reporters without Borders, and PEN International.

Freedom Now and Dechert LLP filed a petition with the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on behalf of Mkhaitir in May 2016. In June 2017, the Working Group found his detention to be arbitrary and called for Mauritania to immediately release him.

The Court of Appeals quashed Mkhaitir’s death sentence on November 9, 2017. He was given a two year sentence and a small fine. However, the prosecutor appealed this decision and Mkhaitir remain in custody, his location unknown.

Selected documents from Mohammed Shaikh Ould Mohammed Ould Mkhaitir's case
Letter to President Mohamed Ould Abdel AzizNovember 11, 2016

Freedom Now joins three organizations in asking President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz to secure the release of blogger Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mohamed Mkhaitir.

Letter to the ACHPR's Special Rapporteur on Freedom of ExpressionAugust 26, 2016

Letter from Freedom Now to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights's Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression regarding Mr. Mkhaitir

Mkhaitir Urgent Action to SR 11-28-2916November 28, 2016

An urgent appeal to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers on behalf of Mohammed Shaikh Ould Mohammed Ould Mkhaitir

President Aziz Must Ensure Prompt Release and Safety of Blogger Mohammed MkhaitirDecember 6, 2017

Freedom Now joined 6 organizations in calling on President Aziz to ensure the prompt release and safety of blogger Mohammed Mkhaitir.

UNWGAD Opinion 35/2017June 23, 2017

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention finds the Government of Mauritania in violation of international law for the detention of Mr. Mkhaitir.

UNWGAD Petition on Behalf of Mohamed Ould Cheikh Ould MkhaitirMay 26, 2016

Submitted by Freedom Now and Dechert on behalf of Mohamed Ould Cheikh Ould Mkhaitir

US Senate Letter to President AzizNovember 30, 1999

A letter from four U.S. Senators to Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz expressing their concern about the continued detention of blogger Mohammed Shaikh Ould Mohammed Ould Mkhaitir.